Rail History

Rail history

The first railway proposed for India was made in Madras in year 1832. The country first train was the Red Hill Railway made by Arthur cotton to transport for road building. The railway runs from Red Hill to Chintadripet Bridge in Madras. It was the first passenger train ran for 34 kilometer with taking 400 people in 14 carriages. Organization of Indian Railway into regional zones began in 1951, when Southern & central zone were created. Fans were given in all compartment class in 1951 & sleeping accommodations were also includes in it. Since, from 1986 the computerized ticketing & reservations were introduced in New Delhi. In 1998 coupon validating machines were also introduced at Mumbai Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj terminus. Toilets were introduced in rail in year 1909. In Feb 2000, the Indian Railway website was went online & on 31 March 2017 the country entire rail network would be electrified by 2022. Hence IR runs more than 13,000 passenger trains daily on both long-distance & suburban routs across India. The railway has five digit numbering system & its runs on speed of 50.9 kilometer per hour. Indian Railway is the India’s national rail system in world. It is operated by the Railway Minister, it carry 8.26 billion passengers & transported 1.16 billion tons of freight in year 2018 March. All freight traffic & 99% of passenger traffic is carried on broad gauge with short stretches carrying the remaining traffic. Indian Railway is the today the largest rail network in Asia & world second largest network operated under single management. In India the fastest running train project was successfully completed at 160 km per hour. The Shatabdi is the currently fastest running train in Indian railway network. It reaches maxi speed of 150 kmph on Faridabad-Agra section. The first live telecast of railway was in year 1994 & the old Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav represents the railway budget six times in a row. New Delhi station has secure the place in Guinness book of record for world largest route relay system. This system has the multiple tracks it also help the divert train movement during the period of traffic. According to the economist the Indian Railway is the world’s seventh largest employer after US department. The longest route train is the Vivek Express running between the Dibrugarh & kanyakumari it covers 4,286 km in 82 hours & 30 min. In 19th century the Annual Report of the railway board contains the administrative & all statistical information, stock holding, and line opening of rolling stock information. Now the Indian Railway has built the world’s largest bridge five times height of Qutub Minar & 35 meter tall than the Eiffel Tower. The shortest name of the station is IB in Odisha & there is the other station of about 29 letters, it sometime spelled Sri prefixed. There are four sites of Railway that has been declared as “World heritage Sites” by UNESCO. The Fairy Queen is the oldest functioning train engine in the world run between the New Delhi & Alwar in Rajasthan. The railway maps of India & directories were found in Thacker’s Directories which is very useful.

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